The settlement of Dalverzintepa is located in the valley of the right tributary of the Amu Darya, two hours' drive from Termez. Until now, this unique place has been carefully studied, archaeologists have excavated many valuable finds, for example, in 1972 a treasure of gold was found here. He weighed 36 kg. They also found jewelry made of precious stones and ivory, many copper coins, ceramics and much more. Among the finds was a Buddhist temple.
Excavations have helped to reveal numerous facts confirming the uniqueness of this place. The found things speak of the high culture and development of the people living here in the Kushan era. Scientists have confirmed that the Dalverzintepa Settlement was indeed the center of the culture of Northern Bactria.
As a result of the expedition to the Surkhan oasis, an accurate picture of the development of civilization at that time was restored. So scientists found that irrigation had already begun to be used in the agricultural sector at that time.
How does this piece of antiquity look today?
In Vyshgorod, which stands on the southern side of the settlement, scientists were lucky to find the remains of a Buddhist temple during excavations. In this temple there was a large number of pottery, figurines of Bodhisattvas, Devatas and the Buddha himself, and even a small winery was found nearby. And in the northern part, a structure was excavated, the purpose of which is unknown. In the east, archaeologists have found a Muslim cemetery, and in the west - a temple of the Bactrian goddess. Not far from the city. According to most researchers, Dalverzintepa is one of the most ancient Buddhist buildings.
Those who have a great spiritual beginning will definitely try to get here to see the remains of this Buddhist settlement with their own eyes.
Karatepa complex. Its name translates as "Black Hills". The complex got this name because it was built on sandy hills. Its ball area is 7 hectares. During the period from the second to the fourth century, this complex was the very center of Buddhism. There were many temples and monasteries throughout the complex, both terrestrial and cave.
During the expedition, archaeologists found numerous pieces of painting and even frescoes. For example, Buddha was presented as having overcome all the temptations inherent in man, and managed to reach the seventh level of Ashtanga Yoga.
Many domed stupas were built in Karatepe to store the relics. They were built from clay and sand. Also on the territory of the complex were found stone sculptures of the Buddha.
The world-famous Japanese archaeologist Kato Kyuzo has invested a lot of effort into the study of the secrets of Karatepa. Thanks to him and several other scholars, important historical moments were revealed about how Buddhism spread and what role the Termez monks played in its advance. For his work, Professor Kato Kyudzo was awarded the highest award of Uzbekistan - "Dustlik".