The history of the State Academic Bolshoi Theater named after Alisher Navoi began in 1929. The theater was built according to the project of the Soviet architect, academician Alexei Shchusev, who is the author of the mausoleum project on Red Square in Moscow. Japanese prisoners of war took part in the final stage of the construction of the theater.

The architecture of this building is unique. This is a great example of combining European architecture with elements of oriental architecture. A variety of architectural solutions, loggias covered with arched galleries and decorative carvings on polished marble create a truly unforgettable impression. Each of the six foyers has its own architectural decor corresponding to a specific region of Uzbekistan. The theater is decorated with magnificent ganch carvings and wall paintings.

A fountain in the shape of a cotton box was placed in front of the theater building portal on the square.